The summers in Italy are dry and hot while winters are cool and wet. The hottest month is July while January is the coldest. Italy does experience four seasons and each area of the country can exhibit different weather.
In northern Italy, near the Alps and Tuscan-Emilian Apennines, it can get very cold in the winter and the summers are often hot and humid. Central Italy has a more moderate climate with less of a temperature difference between winter and summer. Winters are shorter and the cold is less intense than it is in the north. In southern Italy, the winter is rarely harsh while summer temperatures have little difference between spring and fall temperatures.
Italy’s weather is moderate enough that any time of year is a good time to visit. However, most Italians take holidays in July and August, so crowds may be larger, and prices may be higher during those months. To avoid the most crowds and enjoy the best weather, you may want to plan your trip in late September through October.
Most visitors in Italy choose to travel by train as it is inexpensive and the railways in Italy are extensive. Most trains will take you directly to a city center which makes sightseeing easier.
Automobile travel is also popular in Italy because it is easier to visit the out-of-the-way towns by car. It is recommended that you rent a diesel engine car as gas is expensive in Italy.
There is no national bus network in Italy, but small villages usually have local bus service designed to help you get around. In Orvieto, there is a suspended cable car, known as a funivia, that takes you to several tourist sites as well.