Canada has a wide range of climates with ocean currents playing an important role in the weather throughout the country. This includes the Atlantic Gulf Stream and the Pacific Alaska Current. Coastal British Columbia often receives heavy precipitation with moderate temperatures in both summer and winter. Inland, weather is impacted by the Great Lakes, affecting both Ontario and Quebec. Where the Labrador Current meets the Gulf Stream on the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador, there is often fog and cooler temperatures.
The northern two-thirds of Canada has very cold winters and summers that are short and cool, similar to Scandinavia. The central southern areas have extremely cold winters, very hot summers and little precipitation. The summers near Ontario and Quebec can be hot and humid while the winters can be cold and snowy, much like the American Midwest. The entire country experiences winters with temperatures below freezing and continuous snow.
The best time to visit Canada is in the summer as most of the country experiences warm temperatures and fewer days with precipitation than other times of the year.
Automobile transportation is the most common method for getting around Canada. There are over 647,000 miles of roadways including over 11,000 miles of expressway, the third largest in the world behind the United States and China. Air transportation is also popular with Air Canada the largest airline in operation.
There are some nationwide passenger railways operated by the federal crown corporation Via Rail. In addition, three cities in Canada, including Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver offer commuter rail services. There are some railway links to the lower 48 United States, but none that connect to Alaska.
There are ferry services available in some areas of Canada. Passenger ferry services are located on Vancouver Island, on the Sunshine Coast in British Columbia and to St. Pierre and Miquelon. Automobile ferries are available in Nova Scotia, serving Newfoundland and Labrador as well as Quebec to Newfoundland, Labrador to Newfoundland, Chandler to the Magdalen Islands and Digby, Nova Scotia to Saint John, New Brunswick. There is also an automobile ferry from Prince Edward Island to both the Magdalen Islands and Nova Scotia. A train ferry is also available between British Columbia and Alaska.
Most larger cities have public transportation although it may be only a bus system. Three have rapid transit, four have light rail and three have commuter rail systems.