Brazil’s climate is tropical or subtropical in most areas except an area in the Northeast that is drier. That area, sometimes called the drought quadrilateral, extends from Bahia to coast near Natal and Sao Luis. Most of Brazil receives as much as 70 inches of rain each year while the dry area receives between 15 and 30 inches.
The Brazilian Highlands receive most of their precipitation during the summer, which is November through April. It is not unusual for them to experience torrential downpours with storms and floods. However, it is also not unusual for them to experience long period of drought as well. Snow falls only in the southernmost areas although regular frosts may occur in winter as far north as Sao Paulo.
The best time to visit Brazil is in September and October as this is when the country has fewer tourists. Heat and humidity increase the further north you go in the summer, which is December through March and winters, usually between June and September, can be rainy in some areas.
Automobile travel is the most popular mode of transportation in Brazil. However, visitors may find the traffic in some areas overwhelming. Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo have efficient metro systems although they are somewhat limited. They also have public buses that link stations with outlying locations. Brasilia, Belo Horizonte, Fortaleza, Proto Alegre, Recife and Salvador all have metro and urban rail systems, but they are limited as well. There are not many intercity rail options in Brazil although there are a few scenic options available. There are trains that travel from Brazil to Argentina, Uruguay and Bolivia.
There is an extensive connection of public bus routes, including sleeper buses should you need to take an overnight trip. Tickets can be purchased at the station, but it is advisable to book ahead. Public buses are also very popular in large cities to help alleviate the traffic issues.
Rio de Janeiro has almost 300 miles of bicycle lanes and it is a growing method of transportation in that city. You can even Bike Rio, the city’s bike share program. Sao Paulo offers a similar program known as Bike Sampa. Simply download the app, purchase credits and use your phone to unlock a bike. There are also similar programs for scooters.
Taxis and rideshares are also popular methods for getting around in Brazil.